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Soldering is a method of joining metal parts using a filler material (solder) which has a melting temperature below 450 °C (842 °F). Soldering is distinguished from brazing by virtue of a lower melting-temperature filler metal; it is distinguished from welding by virtue of the base metal not melting during the joining process. In a soldering process, heat is applied to the parts to be joined, causing the solder to melt and be drawn into the joint by capillary action and to bond to the materials to be joined by wetting action. After the metal cools, the resulting joints are not as strong as the base metal, but have adequate strength, electrical conductivity, and water-tightness for many uses. Soldering is an ancient technique that has been used practically as long as humans have been making items out of metal.

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